Tuesday, November 24, 2009
Thursday, November 12, 2009
full form of wall-e is "Waste Allocation Load Lifter-Earth class"
binoculars were the inspiration for wall-e s eye
there are thousand parts in wall-e
5 modelers and 5 shading artists more than a month to create those parts in wall-e
2 thousand 400 sound files were created for wall-e
niagara falls sound were used for wind
car being crushed is the sound for wall-e compacting noise
Thursday, October 22, 2009
Most of global warming is due to vapours of water, CO2, oxides of nirtroius , CF2Cl2 , and these all comes form AC machine which we use in our residense
CF2Cl2 sould be reduced atleast within in 20 years form now ie 2009 to lower the global waring
Residential, Industry, Transportation, Commercial, Agriculture makes most of global warming
second cause of global waring is CH4, with comes form farms
ice and snow will not allow sunlight to enter so that they can reduce global warming
Wednesday, October 21, 2009
Now a days every work is done by robots...if we concentrate and see that robots done the work which man is doing. for example hand of human is related to cranes, or some kind of lifting robots, and leg is related to
some moving robots say wheels or some robots having legs.
So other interesting facts about robots are...the robots while designing should be done in following 5 rules in which 4 and 5 are newly added. so guys keep in mind while designing the robots..so that robots should not destroy human..here is the laws
Law of robots
1. Robot should not hurt human being in any cases
2. Robot should obey humans, but not as said in law 1
3. Robot should think itself, but follow first two laws
4. Robots must procreate , but follow first 3 laws
5. Robots must have sixth sense, ie it should know that
im a robot
Tuesday, September 29, 2009
He was Born on 1985/02/05
His Full name is Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro
His birth place is Funchal, Madeira, Portuga
His Height is 1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)
His position in play isRight/Left Winger, Forward
He has nickname that is Ronaldo, CR7, Ronnie, Rocket Ronaldo
Wife / girlfriend:Carolina Patrocinio
He lives in Manchester, Cheschire.
he is highest salaried teenager in uk
he was called and appointed for european athletics football in the year 2004
he was signed by sporting port metropolis united in aug 03 for an amount of 12240000 pounds
he also came in suzuki advertiseent
he has Ferrari 435
his t-shirt is number 17 for portugal matches
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
hOw popular websites looked when they launched
1. google.com - launched in 1996
2. facebook.com - launched in 2004
3. myspace.com - launched in 2003
4. yahoo.com - launched in 1994
5. youtube.com - launched in 2005
6. wikipedia.org - launched in 2001
7. msn.com - launched in 1995
8. apple.com - launched in 1987 (screenshot from 1996)
9. drudgereport.com - launched in 1997
10. amazon.com - launched in 1995
11. twitter.com - launched in 2006
12. whitehouse.gov - launched in 1994
13. craigslist.org - launched in 1995
14. nytimes.com - launched in 1995
15. news.bbc.co.uk - launched in 1997
16. dell.com - launched in 1996
17. friendsreunited.com - launched in 2000
18. telegraph.co.uk - launched in 1994
19. blogger.com - launched in 1999
20. flickr.com - launched in 2004
Thursday, September 3, 2009
The 'Internet' turned 40 today. It may sound strange, but today it is quite impossible to think of world without the 'World Wide Web'.
On Sept 2, 1969, around about 20 people gathered in a lab at the University of California, Los Angeles and two bulky computers were used to pass test data through a 15-foot gray cable. That was the beginning of the Internet. Now, 40 years later, we take a look at the Internet timeline.
Key milestones in the development and growth of the Internet
1969: On September 2, two computers at University of California, Los Angeles, exchange meaningless data in first test of Arpanet, an experimental military network. The first connection between two sites UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, California takes place on October 29, though the network crashes after the first two letters of the word "logon." UC Santa Barbara and University of Utah later join.
1970: Arpanet gets first East Coast node, at Bolt, Beranek and Newman in Cambridge, Mass.
1972:Ray Tomlinson brings e-mail to the network, choosing "at" symbol as way to specify e-mail addresses belonging to other systems.
1973:Arpanet gets first international nodes, in England and Norway.
1974:Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop communications technique called TCP, allowing multiple networks to understand one another, creating a true Internet. Concept later splits into TCP/IP before formal adoption on January 1, 1983.
1983:Domain name system is proposed. Creation of suffixes such as ".com," ''.gov" and ".edu" comes a year later.
1988: One of the first Internet worms, Morris, cripples thousands of computers.
1989:Quantum Computer Services, now AOL, introduces America Online service for Macintosh and Apple II computers, beginning an expansion that would connect nearly 27 million Americans online by 2002.
1990:Tim Berners-Lee creates the World Wide Web while developing ways to control computers remotely at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research.
1993:Marc Andreessen and colleagues at University of Illinois create Mosaic, the first Web browser to combine graphics and text on a single page, opening the Web to the world with software that is easy to use.
1994:Andreessen and others on the Mosaic team form a company to develop the first commercial Web browser, Netscape, piquing the interest of Microsoft Corp. and other developers who would tap the Web's commerce potential. Two immigration lawyers introduce the world to spam, advertising their green card lottery services.
1995:Amazon.com Inc. opens its virtual doors.
1996: Passage of US law curbing pornography online. Although key provisions are later struck down as unconstitutional, one that remains protects online services from liability for their users' conduct, allowing information and misinformation to thrive.
1998:Google Inc. forms out of a project that began in Stanford dorm rooms. US government delegates oversight of domain name policies to Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, or ICANN. Justice Department and 20 states sue Microsoft, accusing the maker of the ubiquitous Windows operating system of abusing its market power to thwart competition from Netscape and others.
1999:Napster popularizes music file-sharing and spawns successors that have permanently changed the recording industry. World Internet population surpasses 250 million.
2000:The dot-com boom of the 1990s becomes a bust as technology companies slide. Amazon.com, eBay and other sites are crippled in one of the first widespread uses of the denial-of-service attack, which floods a site with so much bogus traffic that legitimate users cannot visit.
2002:World Internet population surpasses 500 million.
2006:World Internet population surpasses 1 billion.
2008:World Internet population surpasses 1.5 billion. China's Internet population reaches 250 million, surpassing the United States as the world's largest. Netscape's developers pull the plug on the pioneer browser, though an offshoot, Firefox, remains strong. Major airlines intensify deployment of Internet service on flights.
Tuesday, September 1, 2009
Audi Headquarters - Ingolstadt, Germany
BMW Headquarters - Munich, Germany
DaimlerChrysler-Mercedes Headquarters - Stuttgart, Germany
Ford Headquarters - Dearborn, Detroit, Michigan
Ford Manufacturing Plant - Dearborn, Detroit, Michigan
GM (General Motors) Headquarters - Detroit, Michigan, USA
Skoda Plant - Mladá Boleslav, Czech Republic
Toyota Headquarters - Toyota City, Aichi, Japan
Wolkswagen Plant - Wolfsburg, Germany
Arrangement of Cars in Wolkswagen Golf
Monday, August 31, 2009
The names of the four terrorist are Mohamed Atta, Ramzi Binalshibh, Marwan al-Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah.Atta was the leader selected by bin laden
During the Summer and Fall of 2000, Bin Laden and other senior al-Qaeda leaders began selecting the "muscle" hijackers. With Hamzi and al-Mihdhar already selected, thirteen additional hijackers were selected. They were all from Saudi Arabia, except for Fayez Banihammad who was from the United Arab Emirates. They were all between age 20 and 28, most were unemployed with no more than a high school education, and were unmarried.
Ziad Jarrah one of the terrorist in september 11 attack wrote a letter to his girlfriend and sent it to her on September 10. He wrote "I have done what I had to do" and "You should be very proud, it is an honor, and you will see the result, and everyone will be happy" as well as "Hold on to what you have until we meet each other again." The letter was returned
to the U.S., as Jarrah made an error in writing the address.
About three weeks prior to the attacks, the targets were assigned to four teams. The United States Capitol was called "The Faculty of Law". The Pentagon was dubbed "The Faculty of Fine Arts". Atta codenamed the World Trade Center "The Faculty of Town Planning".
A conspirator named Abu Abdul Rahman sent a "love message" on an Internet chat room to his "German girlfriend", who was really Ramzi Binalshibh. The message said, "The first semester commences in three weeks. Two high schools and two universities ... This summer will surely be hot ...19 [the eventual number of hijackers] certificates for private education and four
exams [the number of planes used]. Regards to the professor. Goodbye."
Thursday, August 20, 2009
The first World Cup was held in Uruguay in 1930. Many believed American Bart McGee scored the first goal in the World Cup,
against Belgium in the 40th minute. But a dispute erupted and FIFA, soccer's governing body, determined the first goal was
scored by Frenchman Lucien Laurent in the 19th minute against Mexico on July 13, 1930.
First Red Card
The red and yellow card system was not introduced until the 1970 World Cup. The first player to receive a red card was
Chile's Carlos Caszely in 1974 in a match against West Germany in the 67th minute.
The youngest player to play in a World Cup match was Northern Ireland's Norman Whiteside against Yugoslavia in 1982. He was
17 years, 41 days old.
The highest attendance for one match was in the 1950 final. The official attendance was 199,854 for the match between Brazil
and Uruguay in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Top Scoring Team
Hungary scored 27 goals in the 1954 World Cup. Hungary made the finals that year but lost to West Germany 3-2.
Most Consecutive First-Round Eliminations
Scotland holds the record with eight: 1954, 1958, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1986, 1990 and 1998.
FIFA-Fédération Internationale de Football Association
# A match between Barbados and British Guyana in 1946 saw an over with 14 balls in which there were no wides or no balls ! The 8 ball over was in force and the extra six deliveries were due to umpiring miscounting !!!
# SUNIL GAVASKAR was so ill tempered that his parents had to take him to a psychiatrist to check up if there was something wrong with him.
# In a test match in Faisalabad in 1997-98 ,Mushtaq Ahmed was bowling to Pat Symcox.Symcox missed the ball,which went on to knock the middle stump.However,the heat had fused together the bails and they did not fall.Symcox went on to make 81,his second highest test score..!!
# SHAHID AFRIDI used a bat borrowed from Waqar Younis to score the fastest century in a One-Day International.!!
# FOUR STUMPS !!!! -- An experimental game was played at Lords in 1963 to look at the effects of adjusting two features of cricket : the size of the wickets and the LBW rule,in order to create a wicket of width 11 inches rather than 9 inches,four stumps were used in that trial match..
# The only law of Cricket that has not had any changes or modifications,is the length of the pitch..
# Which style of play is known as 'MANKAD'? -- The running out of a non-striking batsman who leaves his crease before the bowler has released the ball is calle 'MANKAD, It is named after VINOO MANKAD , an Indian bowler,who used this method controversially,in a test match.
# It was a county match in 1946.After two overs had been bowled,Len Hutton,who was fielding at slips asked the umpires to check the length of the pitch.The check discovered that the pitch was 24 yards lng instead of 22! Then the match was restarted on a correct pitch.
# Sachin Tendulkar is the first batsman to be dismissed (run out) by using the television replays by the third umpire, Jonty Rhodes was the fielder. Next day,in the same test match,Jonty Rhodes was given run out by the umpire.This time the fielder was none other than Sachin Tendulkar.!!
# During a County match in 1986,a batsman hit the ball and ran three runs but dropped the bat in the process. The bowler picked up the bat. When the ball was returned from the boundary,the bowler stopped it with the bat ! For fielding the ball with any other substance than the person , the penalty is 5 runs. So the batsman got eight runs in that ball.!!
# Which cricketer faced the first ball in One-Day Cricket??Geoff.Boycott was the one who faced the first ball in One-Day cricket. Graham Mc-Kenzie was the bowler.
# In a World Cup Match in 1975, Gavaskar batted throughout the 60 overs & scored only 36 runs . India lost to England by a huge margin of 203 runs.
# In the first ever Test in 1877, Australia beat England by 45 runs. 100 yrs later,in the Centenary Test ,the result was exactly the same.!!
ICC International cricket council
Wednesday, August 19, 2009
1.It is known that the kind of bird a girl watches on Valentine's Day predicts her future
husband. For instance:
--a poor man if she sees a sparrow
--remain spinster if she sees a Owl
--a happy man if she sees a Bluebird
--a a priest or clergyman if she sees a Blackbird
--a an argumentative man if she sees a Crossbill
2.cut an apple into half...the number od seeds is the number of children you will get.
3.to start with a kiss on valentines day is said to be lucky
4.On Valentine's Day, the first guy's name you read in the paper or hear on the TV or radio
will be the name of the man you will marry.
5.If you see a squirrel on Valentine's Day, you will marry a cheapskate who will hoard allyour money.
6.If you see a goldfinch on Valentine's Day, you will marry a millionaire.
7.If you see a robin on Valentine's Day, you will marry a crime fighter - maybe they mean Batman!
8.If you see a flock of doves on Valentine's Day, you will have a happy, peaceful marriage.
9.If you find a glove on the road on Valentine's Day, your future beloved will have the other missing glove.
Tuesday, August 18, 2009
1.There will be a skybridge connecting two towers which is 170 metres above the ground.
2.The length of the bridge is 58.4 metres longs and its weight is 750 tons..
3.Entrance is free and closed on monday...
4.only limited tickets are given per day , means nearly 800 tickets.
5.Only 10 minutes visit is allowed
6.This tower has 32,000 windows
7.cost of the building is $ 1.2 billion
8.islamic architectured deometric principles are used to construct to symbolize strength and grace.
9.buildings are 'only' 378m tall without pinnacle
10. 100 acres are used by KLCC development for the towers
11.20-hectare KLCC Park, 6,000 capacity Surau, District Cooling Centres to provide air conditioning,
12.The whole complex was built on a former horse-racing track;
13.93,000 square feet shopping centre
14.also contains art gallery, an 840-seat concert hall, and an underground parking lot;the main occupant of the buildings is Petronas, the national oil-company;
15.completed in 1998, opened on 28th august 1999.
Thursday, August 13, 2009
1.person who became blind after his/her birth can see images in their dreams. persons who are born blind do not see images..In dreams they can sense sound, smell, touch ans emotion...dreams will make virtually all physical situations to make it happen than in imagination
2.after 5 minutes of waking , 50% of your dream is forgotten, within 10 minutes ,90% is gone
3.all human dreams ...men and womwen have different dreams and physical reactions...men dreams more about other men, womem dreams about both.
4. Recurring Dreams
While the content of most dreams is dreamt only once, many people experience recurring dreams—that is, the same dream narrative is experienced over different occasions of sleep. Up to 70% of females and 65% of males report recurrent dreams.
5. Body Paralysis
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is a normal stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eyes. REM sleep in adult humans typically occupies 20-25% of total sleep, about 90-120 minutes of a night’s sleep.
6.During REM sleep the body is paralyzed by a mechanism in the brain in order to prevent the movements which occur in the dream from causing the physical body to move. However, it is possible for this mechanism to be triggered before, during, or after normal sleep while the brain awakens.
7. Not Everybody Dreams in Color
A full 12% of sighted people dream exclusively in black and white. The remaining number dream in full color. Studies from 1915 through to the 1950s maintained that the majority of dreams were in black and white, but these results began to change in the 1960s. Today, only 4.4% of the dreams of under-25 year-olds are in black and white. Recent research has suggested that those changing results may be linked to the switch from black-and-white film and TV to color media.
8.Dream interpretations dates back to 3000-4000 B.C. were they were documented in clay tablets.It is said that people in primal societies were unable to distinguish between the dream world and reality. They not only saw the dream world as an extension of reality, but the dream realm was a more powerful world.
Studies show that we all have the tendency to daydream an average of 70-120 minutes a day. Day dreaming is classified as a level of consciousness between sleep and wakefulness. It occurs during our waking hours when we let our imagination carry us away. As our minds begin to wander and our level of awareness decreases, we lose ourselves in our imagined scenario and fantasy. Click here for a more in depth look at daydreams.
A nightmare is a disturbing dream that causes the dreamer to wake up feeling anxious and frightened. Nightmares may be a response to real life trauma and situations. These type of nightmares fall under a special category called Post-traumatic stress nightmare (PSN). Nightmares may also occur because we have ignored or refused to accept a particular life situation. Research shows that most people who have regular nightmares have had a family history of psychiatric problems, bad drug experiences, people who have contemplated suicide, and/or rocky relationships. Nightmares are an indication of a fear that needs to be acknowledged and confronted. It is a way for our subconscious to make up take notice. "Pay attention!"
Wednesday, August 12, 2009
Prevention of Swine Flue using Household Products
1. Inhale Clove Oil (Lavang) For 1 Second.
2. Chew 1 Clove In a Day
3. Eat Raw Garlic (Lasun), Onion, Ginger (Aale) (1 to 5gm)
4. Drink Hot Milk With 2gm of Turmeric
5. Consume Plenty Of Vit C Fruits-Lemon/ Avala)
One of the preventive measures against Swine Flu
Use “Nilgiri Oil” (Eucalyptus oil) drops on handkerchiefs and masks as one
of the preventive measures against Swine Flu (NIV) National Institute of
Please share this valuable information with your friends.
Not just Tulasi, Vitamin C rich substances are known to boost immunity. So
taking hot Lemon or Amla (Indian Gooseberry) powder mixed with hot water
would be very helpful.
Tulsi can help keep swine flu away: Ayurvedic experts
Lucknow, May 27: Wonder herb Tulsi can not only keep the dreaded swine flu
at bay but also help in fast recovery of an afflicted person, Ayurvedic
"The anti-flu property of Tulsi has been discovered by medical experts
across the world quite recently. Tulsi improves the body's overall defence
mechanism including its ability to fight viral diseases. It was
successfully used in combating Japanese Encephalitis and the same theory
applies to swine flu," Dr U K Tiwari, a herbal medicine practitioner says.
Apart from acting as a preventive medicine in case of swine flu, Tulsi can
help the patient recover faster.
"Even when a person has already contracted swine flu, Tulsi can help in
speeding up the recovery process and also help in strengthening the immune
system of the body," he claims.
Dr Bhupesh Patel, a lecturer at Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar is
also of the view that Tulsi can play an important role in controlling swine
"Tulsi can control swine flu and it should be taken in fresh form. Juice or
paste of at least 20-25 medium sized leaves should be consumed twice a day
on an empty stomach."
This increases the resistance of the body and, thereby, reduces the chances
of inviting swine flu.
Thursday, July 23, 2009
Women - Multiple process
Women's brains designed to concentrate multiple task at a time.
Women can Watch a TV and Talk over phone and cook the new recipe.
Men - Single Process
Men's brain designed to concentrate only one work at a time.. Men cannot
watch a TV and talking in phone same time. He stops the TV while Talking.
He can either watch TV or talk over phone or cook.
Women can easily learn many languages. Her brain set up. But cannot find
the solutions to problems Men cannot easily learn languages; he can
easily solve the problems.
3 year old gal has three times higher vocabulary than 3 year old boy.
Men's brain has lot of space for handling the analytical process. So easily he can analyze and find the solution for a process. He can design (blue print) a map of a building easily. If a complex map is viewed by women, she cannot understand it. She cannot understand the details of the map easily.
For her it is dump of lines in a paper.
While driving a car, men's analytical spaces are used in his brain.. He can drive a car fast. If he see an object at long distance, immediately his brain classifies the object (bus or van or car) direction and speed of the object and driving accordingly. Where as women take a long time to recognize the object direction/ speed. His single process mind stops the audio in the car (if any), then concentrating only on the driving. You can often watch, while men driving the car fast, the women sit next to him will shout, "GO SLOW" , "CARE FULL", "AAHHH", "OHH GOD.." .etc..
Many times, when men lie to women face to face, they got caught easily. Her super natural brain observes the facial expression 70%, and the body
language 20% and the words comes from mouth 10%. So he is easily caught while lying. Men's brain does not have this. Women easily lie to men face to face. So guys, while lying to your girls, use phone, or letter or close all the lights or cover your/her face with blanket.. Don't lie face to face.
End of day, if men have lot of problems, his brain clearly classifies the problems and put into individual rooms of brain, the problems in individual
room of brain and finding the solution one by one. You can see many guys looking on the sky's for a long times. If you disturb him, he gets irritated.
End of Day, if women have lot of problems, her brain cannot classify the problems. she wants someone to hear that. After telling everything to a
person she goes happily to bed. She does not worry about the problem solved or not.
Men want status, success, solutions, big process... etc Women want relationship, friends, family...etc. ..
If women unhappy with their relations, she cannot concentrate on work. If men unhappy with their work, he cannot concentrate on the relations.
Men can easily locate the place in a complex map. His analytical brain does this. While watching a cricket match in a stadium with full of crowd, men
can leave his seat to T shop and keeps everything in his mind and comes back to his seat without problems. He uses his analytical skills space of
brain. Women can't do this. They often lost their way to their seat.
Women use indirect languages in speech. Priya asked Vijay, "vijay do you like to have a cup of coffee?" This means, Priya really want a cup of coffee. In the morning..... .."Darling, do you think, will it be good to have an Omlette for breakfast"Men use direct language. "Priya, I want to have a cup of coffee, Pls stop the car when you see a coffee shop". In the morning...." Darling, Can you please prepare an omelet for breakfast".
Women talk a lot without thinking, if they are in emotion. Men act a lot without thinking. That's why many of prisoners are men all over the world ;).
Wednesday, July 22, 2009
There is not much literature or history on Friendship Day. However, there are numerous folktales, biblical stories and several instance in mythological legends that shows that friends and friendship have been valued since the beginning of civilized world. For one of the bible verses states,
"Greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for his friends."
In the year 1935 the United States Congress announced the first Sunday of August as the National Friendship Day. It was initially declared a holiday in honor of friends. From then on, world joins together to celebrate Friendship Day with much enthusiasm and fervor.
Friendship Day in India
Friendship Day has been commercialized to a great extent in India. However, it is mainly limited to the to the youngsters as they are particularly marked in schools and colleges. Children make Friendship Day Cards or other special gifts to thank their friends for their on this occasion. Exchange of Friendship bracelets is one of the most prominent feature of Friendship Day celebrations. Sending SMS and Friendship Day e-cards is another popular way of greeting friends too.
A week before the festival, gift marketers run an extensive campaign to lure people to buy cards and gifts for their friends. Restaurateurs offer special discounts on holding bashes on this day. However, such a campaigning has gained much criticism They feel commercialization has marred the refined idea behind observing Friendship Day by making it a formal business to be followed. Some people however feel that advertising campaign has helped to generate awareness about Friendship Day festival dedicated especially to their ever loving friends.
What ever may be the controversy or the thinking, just remember that the day is especially for the one who walked in your life when the rest of the world opted to walk out. So enjoy your day with great fun and cherish the moment for the years to come.
Friendship is one relation that has survived on earth since its existence. Even when there was no understanding of a lawful marital relationship, the feeling of companionship always existed. This feeling of companionship is actually the feeling of friendship. It is not merely a relationship rather a unique blend of affection, trustworthiness, care, respect, and loads of fun. In present time, when people do not get enough time from work, the importance of friendship is being understood. This is the reason why people decided a special day to reciprocate this special relationship on a special day in a special way. To know more about Friendship's Day history, read on this article.
The tradition of celebrating Friendship Day has been prevalent since a very long time. However, you may not find much written literature about the history and origin of Friendship Day as for a long time no formal date was assigned top this occasion. Humans have been friends ever since civilization came into existence. As a social animal, a human being needs companionship and friendship. Thus one can say that friendship has existed even in pre-historic times. So, the celebration of an occasion specially meant for friendship is really special.
In the year 1935 the United States Congress announced the first Sunday of August as the National Friendship Day. From then on it has caught up with the rest of the world and today everyone celebrates Friendship's Day with much enthusiasm and joy. A special day dedicated just for friends is something that everyone looks forward to. The beautiful idea of honoring one of the most pious relations of all, i.e. Friendship, is appreciated by people all over the world. It has assumed the proportion of being celebrated as a festival. Friends all over the world pay tribute to their chums by giving those gifts and other tributes. The best way to celebrate this beautiful day is by spending the entire day with your special pals.
Though till last few decades, this celebration was popular with people of western countries. It is only with the phase of globalization that people in the other parts of the world came to know about this wonderful celebration. This occasion has been commercially much promoted and now, even the smallest suburban area of a third world country is aware of this occasion. The celebrations are also more or less the same everywhere. People go out with friends and celebrate this occasion by having a gala time together. Exchange of gifts, flowers and cards are popular trends of this occasion. It is estimated that this is one of the most commercially benefiting occasions for the gift and card galleries as millions of gifts, cards and chocolates are bought on this occasion throughout the world. Once started as a small event, this occasion has become as grand as a festival.
Tuesday, July 21, 2009
Located about 20 miles south of Columbia in Pelion, South Carolina, this annual event offers good ole country fun, usually including a craft show, concessions and souvenirs, a parade, book sale, entertainment, Cooking Contest, amusement rides, lots of peanuts and more
With the decision by Britain to withdraw from the Indian subcontinent, the Congress Party and Muslim League agreed in June 1947 to a partition of India along religious lines. Under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act, India and Pakistan were established as independent dominions with predominantly Hindu areas allocated to India and predominantly Muslim areas to Pakistan.
After India's independence on August 15, 1947, India received most of the subcontinent's 562 widely scattered polities, or princely states, as well as the majority of the British provinces, and parts of three of the remaining provinces. Muslim Pakistan received the remainder. Pakistan consisted of a western wing, with the approximate boundaries of modern Pakistan, and an eastern wing, with the boundaries of present-day Bangladesh.
The division of the subcontinent caused tremendous dislocation of populations; inter-communal violence cost more than 1,000,000 lives. Some 3.5 million Hindus and Sikhs moved from Pakistan into India, andabout 5 million Muslims migrated from India to Pakistan. In Punjab, where the Sikh community was cut in half, a period of terrible bloodshed followed. Overall, the demographic shift caused an initial bitterness between the two countries that was further intensified by each country's accession of a portion of the princely states.
Adding to the tensions, the issue of the polities Kashmir, Hyderabad, and the small and fragmented state of Junagadh (in present-day Gujarat), remained unsettled at independence. Later, the Muslim ruler of Hindu-majority Junagadh agreed to join to Pakistan, but a movement by his people, followed by Indian military action and a plebiscite (people's vote of self-determination), brought the state into India.
The nizam of Hyderabad, also a Muslim ruler of a Hindu-majority populace, tried to maneuver to gain independence for his very large and populous state, which was, however, surrounded by India.
After more than a year of fruitless negotiations, India sent its army in a police action in September 1948, and Hyderabad became part of India.
The Hindu ruler of Kashmir, whose subjects were 85 percent Muslim, decided to join India. Pakistan, however, questioned his right to do so, and a war broke out between India and Pakistan. A cease-fire was arranged in 1949, with the cease-fire line creating a de facto partition of the region.
The central and eastern areas of the state came under Indian administration as Jammu and Kashmir state, while the northwestern quarter came under Pakistani control as Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas. Although a UN peacekeeping force was sent in to enforce the cease-fire, the dispute was not resolved.This deadlock has intensified suspicion and antagonism between the two countries.
In 1971, Pakistan was itself subdivided when its eastern section broke away and formed Bangladesh. Border disputes continue to embitter Pakistani-Indian relations, as Pakistan has produced a series of autocratic military rulers, while India maintained a parliamentary democracy.
The solar eclipse of July 22, 2009, is the longest total solar eclipse of the 21st century, lasting at most 6 minutes, 39 seconds. It has caused tourist interest in eastern China, Nepal and India.
The eclipse is part of saros series 136, like the record-setting solar eclipse of July 11, 1991. The next event from this series will be on August 2, 2027.[ The exceptional duration is a result of the moon being near perigee, with the apparent diameter of the moon 8% larger than the sun (magnitude 1.080) and the Earth being near aphelion where the sun appears slightly smaller.
This will be the second in the series of three eclipses in a month, with the lunar eclipse on July 7 and the lunar eclipse on August 6.
It will be visible from a narrow corridor through northern Maldives, northern Pakistan and northern India, eastern Nepal, northern Bangladesh, Bhutan, the northern tip of Myanmar, central China and the Pacific Ocean, including the Ryukyu Islands, Marshall Islands and Kiribati.
Totality will be visible in many large cities, including Surat, Vadodara, Bhopal, Varanasi, Patna, Dinajpur, Siliguri, Tawang, Guwahati, Chengdu, Nanchong, Chongqing, Yichang, Jingzhou, Wuhan, Huanggang, Hefei, Hangzhou, Wuxi, Huzhou, Suzhou, Jiaxing, Ningbo and Shanghai, as well as over the Three Gorges Dam. According to some experts, Taregana in Bihar is the "best" place to view the event.
A partial eclipse will be seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including most of Southeast Asia (all of India and China) and north-eastern Oceania.
This solar eclipse will be the longest total solar eclipse that will occur in the 21st century, and will not be surpassed in duration until June 13, 2132. Totality will last for up to 6 minutes and 39 seconds, with the maximum eclipse occurring in the ocean at 02:35:21 UTC about 100 km south of the Bonin Islands, southeast of Japan. The uninhabited North Iwo Jima island is the landmass with totality time closest to maximum, while the closest inhabited point is Akusekijima, where the eclipse will last 6 minutes and 26 seconds.